|The pressure on exchange rates has been forecast to be insignificant in 2019. — Photo plo.vn|
HÀ NỘI — Experts have forecast minimal pressure on exchange rates in 2019, with little chance of significant volatility.
According to a recent report by SSI Securities Corporation, the continued devaluation of Chinese yuan could pressure the Vietnamese đồng. However, after overcoming the most difficult period – beginning of the US-China trade war, market members and management agencies are now prepared.
The company predicted the volatility of the US dollar against Vietnamese đồng would be the same as 2018 with little chance for sudden volatility.
Vietnamese đồng lost about 2.3 per cent against the US dollar in 2018, much lower than the losses of euro, sterling and yuan which were respectively at 4.5 per cent, 5.7 per cent and 5.4 per cent.
According to MB Securities Joint Stock Corporation, the forex market would still be under pressure from US Federal Reserve’s plan to raise rates but the pressure would not be too huge thanks to the Việt Nam’s abundant foreign currency reserves, which are estimated at around $63.5 billion.
The company said large US dollar supply and a stable macro-economic situation would enable the State Bank of Việt Nam to manage exchange rates flexibly.
In addition, the policy of zero interest rate for deposits in US dollars which encourage people to sell US dollars and hold Vietnamese đồng would create room for the central bank to maintain the exchange rate at a reasonable level.
MB Securities forecast that the exchange rate between Vietnamese đồng and US dollar would increase slightly by 1.5-2 per cent in 2019.
Financial and banking expert Nguyễn Trí Hiếu said the US dollar would continue to strengthen against the Vietnamese đồng because of the impacts of the US-China trade war on global trade together with expectations about more Fed rate hikes in 2019.
Economist Cấn Văn Lực said US economic growth was expected to slow down in 2019 and the Fed would slow its rate hikes.
The Vietnamese đồng would depreciate by around 2.5-3 per cent against the US dollar in 2019, Lực forecast.
The State Bank of Việt Nam said that it would keep a close watch on macro-economic developments and financial and monetary markets to intervene when necessary to stabilise the markets.
The daily reference exchange rate was set at VNĐ22,867 per US dollar today. — VNS